1689 Federalism

RBS-16891689 Federalism is the Particular Baptist understanding of the Covenant of Grace as stated in the Second London Confession of Faith of 1689. This particular view is distinct from the Westminster view that holds to the concept of one Covenant of Grace under two distinct administrations which are the Old and the New Covenants. From this view, the Westminster Confession allows the Old Covenant to define the Covenant of Grace (its nature, its stipulations, its blessings) and end up with a Covenant of Grace that is mixed (saved & unsaved) by nature because it includes the physical posterity of all those who profess faith. This understanding was perceived by the Particular Baptists to alter the nature of the New Covenant which is « not like » the Old Covenant (Jer. 31:32) and is pure (saved only) by nature (Jer. 31:34).

The 1689 Confession rejects the One Covenant/Two administrations view of the Westminster. Instead, it affirms that the Covenant of Grace was only revealed in the Old Testament time until it became a formal covenant when the New Covenant was established. Therefore, the Particular Baptist understanding considers that only the New Covenant is the Covenant of Grace and defines it. This involves that the Old Covenant was not the Covenant of Grace and was only typologically linked to it but was in itself an earthly covenant that came to an end when the heavenly reality was established. Instead of seeing two realities (earthly/heavenly, internal/external) inside of the same covenant of grace, the 1689 Federalism affirms two distinct covenants: an earthly external covenant (the Old) and an heavenly internal covenant (the New). The New Covenant was first a promise that was put under the guard of the Law (the Old Covenant). It was then accomplished, sealed in the blood of Christ and given to believers in the form of a covenant.

In the lectures below, I expose chapter 7 of the 1689 (Of God’s Covenant). These lectures were given at the Reformed Baptist Seminary module on Creeds and Confessions held in Las Vegas October 2014. I offer here the MP3 files, the videos are available at RBS website: http://rbseminary.org/home/pascal-denault-on-the-covenant-theology-of-the-1689-baptist.html
You can find a French version of this teaching here: http://www.unherautdansle.net/alliances/

1. The Covenant of Works (7.1) – Audio MP3Video
[audio:http://prechelaparole.sermon.net/da/20246344|titles=The Covenant of Works|artists=Pascal Denault]

2. The Covenant of Grace – Paedo view (7.2) – Audio MP3Video
[audio:http://prechelaparole.sermon.net/da/20246358|titles=The Covenant of Grace (paedo view)|artists=Pascal Denault]

3. The Covenant of Grace – Credo view (7.3) – Audio MP3Video
[audio:http://prechelaparole.sermon.net/da/20246362|titles=The Covenant of Grace (credo view)|artists=Pascal Denault]

4. Summary and conclusions – Audio MP3Video
[audio:http://prechelaparole.sermon.net/da/20246365|titles=Summary and conclusions|artists=Pascal Denault]

5. Q&A (Dr. Bob Gonzales and Pascal Denault) – Audio MP3
[audio:http://prechelaparole.sermon.net/da/20246366|titles=Q&A|artists=Dr. Bob Gonzales and Pascal Denault]

Posté dans ARTICLES, Théologie
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About the Author
Pascal est pasteur de l'Église évangélique de St-Jérôme, une assemblée de confession réformée baptiste. Il est marié avec Caroline et ensemble ils sont les heureux parents de quatre enfants. Pascal a complété un baccalauréat et une maîtrise en théologie à la Faculté de théologie évangélique de Montréal. Il est l'auteur des livres: Une alliance plus excellente (2016, Impact Académia) – Solas, la quintessence de la foi chrétienne (2015, Cruciforme) – The Distinctiveness of Baptist Covenant Theology (2017 Revised Edition, Solid Ground Christian Books).
3 commentaires pour “1689 Federalism
  1. bobgonzalesjr dit :

    It was an honor and privilege to have Pascal teach for Reformed Baptist Seminary. I am also thankful for the blessing of making a new friend.

  2. Micael.B dit :

    Very interesting, I hope to read more about this topic soon. I’m glad to see there is much conversation on such important things. I’ll be listening to the whole audio segments later. Thanks brother!

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